Evolution and Development of Transport: In the past people were unable to travel long distances as they had to walk but the invention of the wheel made journeys easy. Use of cart with the help of pet animals to pull it, increased efficiency as animals could take more load and also reduced the travel time. Horses and oxen were common animals used in pulling carts which helped people to find new places of interest. 

Evolution and Development of

1. Road Transport

As per the historical evidences, the first roads were constructed by the Mesopotamians. Stagecoaches were first made in Hungary in fifteen century A.D. and started regular services. Henry Ford introduced famous automobile name Model T in 1908 A.D. The first good road network was constructed in 1920 in USA.

In twentieth century, railway and steamships were considered as very popular modes of transportation. Availability of car and coaches helped in reaching destinations in quick time. However, these were not preferred for long-haul transfers. Later national and international highways were built in the North America and Europe which helped rapid growth in road traffic. Large highway construction also made long haul travel popular. In 1930, Germany became the leader in the development of motorways.

2. Railways

Rail travel became comfortable and economic mode of transportation just after its introduction. It was introduced in England in 1825 and started regular services five years later. First train was run between Manchester and Liverpool. Railway track was built in US in between 1826 to 1840 which is known as first railway track in the world.

Evolution and Development of

The introduction of train made travel easy and safe for the tourists and affordable for middle-class to travel both long and short route journey. The father of modern travel trade Thomas Cook organized a train tour from Leicester to Loughborough in England in 1841. France got its first railway in 1863 and very soon expanded up to Monte Carlo in Monaco. Thus a gambling casino was built in 1868 that became very popular instantly in a short time. 

Evolution and Development of Transport

3. Air Transport

Deutsche Lufthansa started first ever flight in Germany in 1903 on Berlin – Leipzig Weimar route. Charles A. Levine was the first international and transatlantic passenger travelled between New York to Germany on 7 June 1927. In 1926, the first US airline Launched with the name of Varney Airlines but operated after 11 days when Western airline started services on 17 April 1926. The first mile carried flight run between Florida to Havana, Cuba in on 28 October 1927 and also took the same passenger on same route on 16 January 1928. But air travel was popularized by airline DC-3 and Boeing 314 a Transoceanic Clipper.


British-French joint venture product named Concord was the first high speed aircraft and was developed in 1967 and its first flight started in 1969. In India air services started with the efforts of J.R.D. Tata before independence of India.  Immediately after the independence, Indian government took over Tata Airlines to provide domestic and International air services. Tata Airlines were founded in 1932 and the name was changed to Air India and Indian Airlines after the takeover by the government.  

4. Water Transport

Evolution and Development of

It is evident from the historical findings that first dockyard was found in Lothal Gujarat, India. The evidences revealed that ship building was known to Indians as early as 2400 B.C. But the Phoenicians are considered to be pioneers in the ship making activities. They purchased spice and perfume from the east and lines and papyrus from Egypt. Greek became the next sea hitters after Phoenicians. Many sea hitters traveled round the world and found sea route to different places during the medieval period.

America’s sea route was discovered by Christopher Columbus and he is also credited with having named West Indies. Portuguese were also the great sailors. India’s sea route was discovered by Vasco Da Gama in 1498 as he reached India at Calicut in Kerala in the West Coast. Water transport was first introduced in England in 1772, which was an organized transport system. In Clyde, Avon and Thames rivers services of steamboat were popularized in 1815. 

Also read Needs, Wants and Demands in Tourism

Evolution and Development of Transport

This Post Has 71 Comments

  1. Pingback: ivermectin 6 mg tablets

  2. Pingback: stromectol otc

  3. Pingback: viagra canada purchase

  4. Pingback: coupon for cialis

  5. Pingback: viagra generico

  6. Pingback: where to buy ivermectin in canada

  7. Pingback: tadalafil citrate research chemical

  8. Pingback: medshuku best place to buy cialis online

  9. Pingback: where to buy generic cialis online safely

  10. Pingback: where can you buy sildenafil pills

  11. Pingback: buy cialis

  12. Pingback: cialis walmart

  13. Pingback: buying ivermectin

  14. Pingback: how to buy sildenafil pills

  15. Pingback: how to buy sildenafil pills

  16. Pingback: buy viagra online

  17. Pingback: tadalafil sandoz

  18. Pingback: cialis for bph

  19. Pingback: prednisone 20mg for 5 days

  20. Pingback: prednisone 20mg uses

  21. Pingback: merck antiviral covid pill

  22. Pingback: tadalafil and dapoxetine

  23. Pingback: buy cialis over the counter

  24. Pingback: cialis without prescriptions

  25. Pingback: cialis without prescriptions

  26. Pingback: stromectol lotion

  27. Pingback: prednisone side effects in men

  28. Pingback: cialis tadalafil

  29. Pingback: viagra connect walmart

  30. Pingback: free real money casino games

  31. Pingback: cialis dosis

  32. Pingback: best tadalafil

  33. Pingback: cialis 20mg online

  34. Pingback: stromectol walmart canada

  35. Pingback: ivermectin in india

  36. Pingback: ivermectina pastillas

  37. Pingback: casinos online for real money top rated

  38. Pingback: cheap cialis india

  39. Pingback: cost generic viagra

  40. Pingback: cheap tadalafil

  41. Pingback: cheap cialis india

  42. Pingback: dosage for ivermectin

  43. Pingback: tadalafil otc

  44. Pingback: ivermectin 1 cream generic

  45. Pingback: order ivermectin

  46. Pingback: cialis mg

  47. Pingback: ivermectin 80 mg

  48. Pingback: tadalafil generic availability

  49. Pingback: ivermectina dosis

  50. Pingback: lasix over the counter australia

  51. Pingback: lasix drug canada

  52. Pingback: ivermectin ld50 human

  53. Pingback: buy stromectol online

  54. Pingback: ivermectin australia

  55. Pingback: ivermectin 1 cream

  56. Pingback: ivermectin prescription

  57. Pingback: stromectol pill

  58. Pingback: luckyland slots casino download

  59. Pingback: india and ivermectin

  60. Pingback: stromectol online

  61. Pingback: oral ivermectin cost

  62. Pingback: stromectol brand

  63. Pingback: side effects for ivermectin

  64. Pingback: merck ivermectin

  65. Pingback: buy stromectol pills

  66. Pingback: cialis without prescriptions

  67. Pingback: where to buy ivermectin uk

  68. Pingback: flccc ivermectin prophylaxis

  69. Pingback: ivermectin 200 mcg

  70. Pingback: ivermectin 9 mg tablet

  71. Pingback: ivermectin use in india

Comments are closed.