Leading Airlines of the world: With the invention of first plane by the Wright brothers in the early 20th century, there has been a lot of advancement and development in the Airline industry. Airlines in past few decades have been a major mode of transportation for both the business and leisure travellers. With the aim of fulfilling the increasing demand for air transport across the globe, many firms have started their airline operations in different parts of the world. Some of the top leading airlines in the world today is as follows:
Emirates are the flagship airline of Dubai and are also centred in Dubai, in United Arab Emirates. An emirate is subsidiary airlines of the Emirates Group which is totally maintained by the Dubai Investment Corporation of Dubai a part of Dubai government. It is one of the major carriers among the Middle East countries. Emirates use to fly more than 3,600 flights every week from its hub i.e. Dubai international airport to almost 140 metropolises in 81 countries around 6 continents of the world. The Emirates is also performing the cargo operations which are commenced by the Emirates Sky Cargo
An emirate was conceived in the year March 1985 with support from Dubai’s royal family along with Pakistan international airport. Pakistan International airport offered two of the airline’s initial aircraft on wet lease with $10 million as the start-up capital. At that time it was compulsory to run individually out of the administrative funding. Initially Pakistan international airlines offered training services to Emirates’ cabin staff in its conservatory.
In the initial years of its establishment, the carrier extended both in terms of its destinations and fleet. In the year October 2008, Emirates changed all its functions at Dubai International Airport to Terminal 3.
In the Skytrax world airline awards 2016 which was held in Farnborough air show, the Emirates was selected as the one of the finest airline by the consumers. Emirates have achieved this benchmark for the 4thconsecutive time and also have attained top prize in the awards list.
Emirates also attained the World’s finest in-flight entertainment award. Emirates enhanced its place throughout a variety of awards collections performing healthy in Business, Economy and first class segments and attained a top-10 on the World’s Best Cabin Staff group.
Emirates is ranked world’s forth major airlines in terms ofscheduled income passengerkilometres flown, the principal airlines in terms of worldwide customers transported, and the 2ndlargest on the basis of cargo tonne kilometres hovered. Emirates also operates the longest business flight i.e. Dubai to Auckland till it is beaten by the flight of Qatar Airways flying from Doha to Auckland
Emirates functions with a diversified fleet of Boeing and Airbus broad body aeroplane and is amongst the rare carriers to function in an all-wide-body aeroplane fleet. Since September 2016, Emirates is amongst the major Airbus A380 airline company with 83 airplanes in facility and an additional order of 59 planes has been placed. As its starter, the Airbus 380 has turned into a fundamental part of Emirates mainly on long-haul high traffic itineraries. Emirates also have ordered 32 Boeing 777- 300ER and 150 Boeing 777X aircrafts, and are the biggest Boeing 777 functioning company of the world.
2. Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways is amongst the top passenger carrier companies around the globe today. It has also attained 2ndposition internationally and acquired a variety of topmost awards.It has also hired the World’s top quality airline staff and has the World’s finest business class and finest business class lounges.
Qatar Airways Company also known, as Qatar Airways is the government held national carrier of Qatar, which is headquartered at the Qatar Airways tower located in the city of Doha. The carrier also functions on a hub-and-scope network, linking around 150 international cities through Europe, Africa, Far East, North America, South America Central Asia, South Asia, Oceania and the Middle east from its central hub at Hamad international airport in terms of very high in numbers fleet of over 180 aircrafts.
Qatar Airways Group has employed over 40,000 individuals, out of which 24,000 works straight for Qatar Airways. Qatar airways were also one of the participants of the world alliance as of the year October 2013. It is the main gulf airline to collaborate with one out of the three airline agreements.
The airline has been appreciated with the title “World’s Best Airline” honour for the four consecutive times, including the award for the year 2017, and has also been commended as amongst the world’s best airlines in business today.
3. Singapore airlines
Singapore Airlines Limited is the national carrier of Singapore centred at Singapore Changi Airport. Singapore Girl is used as its chief charisma by the airline in its commercial marketing. The Singapore airlines group also comprises of numerous airline-related divisions. i.e. SIA engineering company looks after care, restoration and renovation (MRO) corporate past nine nations, with a group of 27 joint undertakings, relating with Rolls Singapore airlines cargo and Boeing functions SIA’s freighter fleet that runs the cargo-hold capability in SIA’s traveller aeroplane. It has 3 divisions: Scoot and Tiger Air function as low cost carriers, whereas SilkAir functions as local flights to secondary cities.
Singapore Airlines was presented to the consumer with the Airbus 360, the world’s largest passenger plane. It ranks between the first 15 airlines globally on the basis of income customer kilometres, and is placed tenth in the global rankings for worldwide passengers transported. On 15 December 2010, Singapore Airlines was titled by (IATA) as the 2nd biggest carrier in the globe by market capitalisation of US$14 billion net worth.
4. Cathay Pacific
Cathay Pacific is the national airline of Hong Kong. Cathay Pacific is headquartered at its main centre situated at Hong Kong International Airport. The airlines operate plus divisions have been planned for cargo and passenger services to 180 plus destinations in more than 44 countries globally covering joint ventures and codeshares. Functioned through a fleet of broad form craft, comprising Airbus A350, Boeing 777, and Airbus A330 gear. Its solely possessed subsidiary Cathay Dragon functions to 44 plus destinations in the Asia-Pacific region from its Hong Kong centre. In the year 2010, Cathay Pacific, in collaboration with Dragon Air (Promoted Cathay Dragon), transported approximately 1.8 million tons of cargo / mail and over 27 million passengers.
Two partners started the airline in the year September 24 in the year 1946. The first one is the Australian partners whose name was Sydney H. de Kantzowand his second partner was an American whose name was Roy C. Farrell.Both the gentleman deposited up HK$1 to register the scheduled carrier. This carrier has created the earth’s major non-stop transpolar aircraft operating above the North Pole in the year July 1998, that is too the quickest flight to reach at new Hong Kong International Airport. The carrier celebrated its 60th anniversary in the year 2006; and till the year October 2009, its chief shareholders are Air China and Swire Pacific.
Cathay Pacific is the world’s 10th major airline calculated on the basis of sales, and fourteenth largest calculated on the basis of market capitalisation. In the year 2010, Cathay Pacific curved into the world’s largest global cargo carrier, together with its key centre at Hong Kong International Airport is amongst the world’s busiest airport in relations to cargo transportation.
Cathay Pacific is an establishing partner of the one world alliance. Cathay Dragon a subsidiary of Cathay Pacific is an associate partner of one world.Cathay Pacific is an award-winning and internationally reputed airline, winning the “World’s Finest Carrier” award four times and frequently ranking amid the best airlines globally today.
5. ANA All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd. is also recognized as Zennikkū or ANA. It is the main carrier in Japan. Its HQs are established in the Shiodome City Centre at Shiodome area of Minato, Japan. It offers facilities together to international and local destinationsand have engaged almost 20,000 workers till the year March 2016. In the year May 2010, ANA’s whole passenger traffic increased year-by-year by 7.8%, and global facilities thrived by 22% to 2.07 million travellers in the initial 5 months in the year 2010. ANA’s chief worldwide centers are based in Kansai International Airport outer to Osaka, Narita International Airport outer to Tokyo. Its foremost local centers are at Osaka international Airport, Itami, Tokyo international Airport (Haneda), NewChitose Airport near Sapporo and Chubu International Airport near Nagoya.
In calculation to its principal functions, ANA operate numerous subsidiary passenger flights, with its local airline, charter carrier ANA Wings, Air Japan. Added minor flights comprising of Air Do, a less price carrier operating planned facility amid Tokyo and metropolises in Hokkaido, Vanilla Air, a low-cost airline assisting choice and preferred worldwide destinations; and Allex Cargo (ANA Cargo), the freighter division is run by Air Japan. ANA is too the major stockholder in Peach, a low-cost airlines joint enterprise with Hong Kong firm First Eastern Investment Group. In the year October 1999, the carrier turned into a partner of the star alliance.
In the year 29 March 2013, Skytrax called ANA as a 5-Star Carrier.
6. Etihad Airways
Etihad Airways is a flagship airline of UAE and also the 2nd largest carrier of the United Arab Emirates after Emirates. Its headquarter is situated in the Khalifa City of Abu Dhabi nearby Abu Dhabi international Airport. Etihad Airways started working from the year 2003 in the month of November.
The carrier runs almost one thousand flights every week to almost 120 cargo and passenger destinations in the Africa, Australia, Europe, Middle East, Asia and the America, with a fleet size of Boeing aircraft and 122 Airbus till the year July 2016. In the year 2015, Etihad transported 14.79 million travellers, with a increase of 22.2% from the preceding year, transporting revenues of US$9.02 billion and earned net profits of US$103 million. Etihad principal centre is at Abu Dhabi international Airport.
In adding to its main occupation of passenger transport, Etihad functions with Etihad Cargo and Etihad Holidays. Etihad have founded its private carrier alliance, Etihad Airways Associates, in the year 2015, which involves Niki, Air Serbia, Air Sychelles, Alitalia, Jet Airways, Air Berlin and Etihad Local. Segregation of Niki, Etihad Airways grasps smaller equity reserves in the contributing carriers; as well as stock a share in Virgin Australia, that is not legally documented as an Etihad Airways Associate. Reservation of all these airlines is linked underthe one network.Till the year 12 October 2016, Etihad is valued amongst the few number of 5-star airlines by Skytrax.
7. Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines is the state flagship airline of Turkey. Its head quarters are centered at the Turkish Airlines General Management house in the parks of Ataturk Airport in Yesilkoy, Bakirkoy, and Istanbul. Till the year July 2015, it has operated scheduled facilities to 290 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and the America, creating it as the fourth major airlines in the world in terms of the total destinations it flies to. Till the year 2014 it functioned to various destinations without stopping at a single airport than any other carrier in Europe. Turkish airlines operate almost 119 nations, which is very high as compared to other airlines in the world. With a functioning fleet of ten cargo crafts, the airline’s cargo department also functions to 52 destinations around the globe from its main hub Istanbul Ataturk Airport. There are the various subsidiary centers of the airlines situated at SabihaGokcen international airport, Esenboga International and Adnan Menderes airport. Airport Turkish airlines are a partner of the Star alliance system from the year 1st April 2008.
8. EVA Air
EVA Air Corporation is a Taiwanese worldwide carrier founded at Taiwan Taoyuan international airport adjoining Taipei, Taiwan. The airline is functioning in terms of passenger and committed freight facilities to more than forty worldwide destinations in Australia, North America, Europe and Asia. EVA Air is mainly privately maintained and operates on a completely global route system. EVA Air is a five-star carrier, graded by Skytrax and is also the 2nd major Taiwanese airline carrier. EVA Air is centred in the city of Luzhu, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.
From the time of its formation in the year 1989, as a subordinate of shipping corporation Evergreen Group EVA Air has stretched to incorporate carrier ground management, air cargo, Catering and aviation engineering facilities as well. Its freight division, EVA airfreight associates with the Evergreen global transporting system on both land and sea, which is the national and local supplementary. UNI Air, functions a short-haul and middle system to destinations in Macau China, Taiwan, with its leading centre in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Since the year January 2016, EVA Airlines has been ranked as the 6th safest airline globally, with almost zero accidents, hull damages or victims from the time they started operating throughout the globe.
EVA Air functions a diverse fleet of Boeing and Airbus aeroplanes, with Boeing 777 Airbus A321, Airbus A330 and Boeing 747, aircrafts mostly used on the passenger itineraries, beside with Boeing 777 and Boeing 747-400 freighter aeroplane expended on cargo itineraries. EVA Air was one of the primary transporters to start the finest budget class known as Elite Class in EVA Air. It was started in the year 1991. Elite class is also available on-board Boeing 777 and particularly Boeing 747 plane.
9. Qantas Airways
Qantas Airways is the national carrier of Australia and it is only major carrier by fleet volume, worldwide destinations and global flights. Qantas is amongst the 3rd eldest airlines in the globe following to Avianca and KLM. It was started in the year November 1920. It commenced worldwide passenger flights in the year May 1935. Qantas title derives from “QANTAS“, an acronomy for its real name, “Queensland and Northern Territory” Aerial Services, and it is also named “The Flying Kangaroo”. Qantas is an establishing partner of the one world airlines alliance.
The carrier is grounded in Sydney area, Mascot with its chief centre at the Sydney airport. Since the year March 2014, Qantas Airways have a 65% portion of the Australian local market and have transported 14.9% out of the 100% of the passengers travelling within the parts of Australia and crossing the boarders of Australia. Different substitute airlines operate to local centres and on the trunk networks inside the boundaries of Australia under the Qantas Link name. Its secondary airline Jet connects also offers its services from Australia to New Zealand, operating with the name of Qantas airline. Brand name Qantas Airlines also owns Jet star airways a less price airline that functions both global services from Australia and local services in the boundaries of New Zealand and Australia and also has shares in a different supplementary Jet star airlines.
Deutsche Lufthansa usually recognized as Lufthansa occasionally also known as Lufthansa German Airlines. It is amongst one of the largest German airlines and, if merged with its other subsidiaries, it becomes the largest in terms of numbers of fleet in the whole Europe on the basis of fleet size and is the 2nd largest airline in relations to customers transported through the year 2016. Lufthansa also operates its services to 18 domestic and more than 197 global destinations in around 78 nations across, the America, Asia, Africa and Europe, operating a fleet of almost 270 aircrafts. Lufthansa is amongst the five founder partners of Star alliance, which is the largest airline alliance in the world, started in the year 1997. The name of the firm has been originated from Luft ‘air’ and Hansa, the hanseatic group.
Likewise, the owner passenger airlines Swiss international, Brussels airline, Austrian airlines and Euro wings comprising German wings (mentioned to in English by Lufthansa as its Passenger Airline Group), Lufthansa AG holds numerous airlines oriented firms such as Lufthansa Technik which is another portion of the Lufthansa Group. Jointly with its affiliates, the group owns 656 planes, till the year February 2016, which makes it one of the largest, passenger airline fleets in the globe. In the year 2014, the Lufthansa transported over 106 million travellers.
Lufthansa’s listed corporate headquarter and office is in Cologne, the foremost functions base, named Lufthansa Aviation Centre (LAC), is located at the Lufthansa’s main centre at the Frankfurt Airport. Most of the Lufthansa’s pilots, flight attendants and ground staff stays in and work from Frankfurt airport only. Lufthansa’s second heart is at Munich airport. It was a government owned firm and also the national airline until the year 1994, after in the year 2014, 60% of Lufthansa’s stocks were apprehended by official stakeholders. Separate stakeholders apprehended the rest 40%. Since the year 1970, Lufthansa has given chance to its workers to get involved in profit sharing, giving them the chance to select amongst preference shares and cash.
After the privatisation of Lufthansa, all employees were reimbursed with more than 3% of its stakes.
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